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    《联合国国际货物买卖合同公约》中英文对照
    信息来源:国际贸易法律网 发布时间:2012-7-16 11:33:17 阅读次数:次 我要评论
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    《联合国国际货物买卖合同公约》中英文对照

    United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods(1980) [CISG]

      《联合国国际货物买卖合同公约》共分为四个部分:

      (1)适用范围;(2)合同的成立;(3)货物买卖;(4)最后条款。全文共101条。公约的主要内容包括以下四个方面:   

      1.公约的基本原则。建立国际经济新秩序的原则、平等互利原则与兼顾不同社会、经济和法律制度的原则。这些基本原则是执行、解释和修订公约的依据,也是处理国际货物买卖关系和发展国际贸易关系的准绳。   

      2.适用范围。第一,公约只适用于国际货物买卖合同,即营业地在不同国家的双方当事人之间所订立的货物买卖合同,但对某些货物的国际买卖不能适用该公约作了明确规定。第二,公约适用于当事人在缔约国内有营业地的合同,但如果根据适用于“合同”的冲突规范,该“合同”应适用某一缔约国的法律,在这种情况下也应适用“销售合同公约”,而不管合同当事人在该缔约国有无营业所。对此规定,缔约国在批准或者加入时可以声明保留。第三,双方当事人可以在合同中明确规定不适用该公约。(适用范围不允许缔约国保留)   

      3.合同的订立。包括合同的形式和发价(要约)与接受(承诺)的法律效力。   

      4.买方和卖方的权利义务。第一,卖方责任主要表现为三项义务:交付货物;移交一切与货物有关的单据;移转货物的所有权。第二,买方的责任主要表现为两项义务:支付货物价款;收取货物。第三,详细规定卖方和买方违反合同时的补救办法。第四,规定了风险转移的几种情况。第五,明确了根本违反合同和预期违反合同的含义以及当这种情况发生时,当事人双方所应履行的义务。第六,对免责根据的条件作了明确的规定。

      补充:   

      CISG 联合国国际货物销售合同公约(the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods)。根据联合国大会的授权,联合国国际货物销售合同会议于1980年3月10日至4月11日在奥地利维也纳举行(维也纳会议),共62个国家的代表出席。在这次会议上通过了该公约。1988年公约在达到法定批准国家数额后正式生效。我国于1986年12月向联合国秘书长递交了该公约的批准书,成为该公约的缔约国。但在参加公约时,根据第95、96条的规定,我国对该公约第11条以及第1条第1款b项作了保留。

     

    【Promulgation Date】1980.04.11签订于维也纳

    THE STATES PARTIES TO THIS CONVENTION,

    BEARING IN MIND the broad objectives in the resolutions adopted by the sixth special session of the General Assembly of the United Nations on the establishment of a New International Economic Order,

    CONSIDERING that the development of international trade on the basis of equality and mutual benefit is an important element in promoting friendly relations among States,

    BEING OF THE OPINION that the adoption of uniform rules which govern contracts for the international sale of goods and take into account the different social, economic and legal systems would contribute to the removal of legal barriers in international trade and promote the development of international trade,

    HAVE DECREED as follows:

      本公约各缔约国,铭记联合国大会第六届特别会议通过的关于建立新的国际经济秩序的各项决议的广泛目标,考虑到在平等互利基础上发展国际贸易是促进各国间友好关系的一个重要因素,认为采用照顾到不同的社会、经济和法律制度的国际货物销售合同统一规则,将有助于减少国际贸易的法律障碍,促进国际贸易的发展,兹协议如下:

     

    PART I  SPHERE OF APPLICATION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

         适用范围和总则

    Chapter I SPHERE OF APPLICATION

         适用范围

    Article 1

    (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

      本公约适用于营业地在不同国家的当事人之间所订立的货物销售合同

    (a) when the States are Contracting States; or

      如果这些国家是缔约国;或

    (b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

      如果国际私法规则导致适用某一缔约国的法律

    (2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

    当事人营业地在不同国家的事实,如果从合同或从订立合同前任何时候或订立合同时,当事人之间的任何交易或当事人透露的情报均看不出,应不予考虑。

    (3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties or of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.

      在确定本公约的适用时,当事人的国籍和当事人或合同的民事或商业性质,应不予考虑。

     

    Article 2

    This Convention does not apply to sales:

    本公约不适用于以下的销售

    (a) of goods bought for personal, family or household use, unless the seller, at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract, neither knew nor ought to have known that the goods were bought for any such use;

      购供私人、家人或家庭使用的货物的销售,除非卖方在订立合同前任何时候或订立合同时不知道而且没有理由知道这些货物是购供任何这种使用

    (b) by auction;

      经由拍卖的销售

    (c) on execution or otherwise by authority of law;

      根据法律执行令状或其它令状的销售

    (d) of stocks, shares, investment securities, negotiable instruments or money;

      公债、股票、投资证券、流通票据或货币的销售

    (e) of ships, vessels, hovercraft or aircraft;

      船舶、船只、气垫船或飞机的销售

    (f) of electricity.

     电力的销售

     

    Article 3

    (1) Contracts for the supply of goods to be manufactured or produced are to be considered sales unless the party who orders the goods undertakes to supply a substantial part of the materials necessary for such manufacture or production.

      供应尚待制造或生产的货物的合同应视为销售合同,除非订购货物的当事人保证供应这种制造或生产所需的大部分重要材料

    (2) This Convention does not apply to contracts in which the preponderant part of the obligations of the party who furnishes the goods consists in the supply of labour or other services.

      本公约不适用于供应货物一方的绝大部分义务在于供应劳力或其它服务的合同

     

    Article 4

    This Convention governs only the formation of the contract of sale and the rights and obligations of the seller and the buyer arising from such a contract. In particular, except as otherwise expressly provided in this Convention, it is not concerned with:本公约只适用于销售合同的订立和卖方和买方因此种合同而产生的权利和义务。特别是,本公约除非另有明文规定,与以下事项无关

    (a) the validity of the contract or of any of its provisions or of any usage;

      合同的效力,或其任何条款的效力,或任何惯例的效力

    (b) the effect which the contract may have on the property in the goods sold.

      合同对所售货物所有权可能产生的影响

     

    Article 5

    This Convention does not apply to the liability of the seller for death or personal injury caused by the goods to any person.

    本公约不适用于卖方对于货物对任何人所造成的死亡或伤害的责任


    Article 6

    The parties may exclude the application of this Convention or, subject to article 12, derogate from or vary the effect of any of its provisions.

    双方当事人可以不适用本公约,或在第十二条的条件下,减损本公约的任何规定或改变其效力


    Chapter II

    GENERAL PROVISIONS总则

     

    Article 7

    (1) In the interpretation of this Convention, regard is to be had to its international character and to the need to promote uniformity in its application and the observance of good faith in international trade.

      在解释本公约时,应考虑到本公约的国际性质和促进其适用的统一以及在国际贸易上遵守诚信的需要

    (2) Questions concerning matters governed by this Convention which are not expressly settled in it are to be settled in conformity with the general principles on which it is based or, in the absence of such principles, in conformity with the law applicable by virtue of the rules of private international law.

      凡本公约未明确解决的属于本公约范围的问题,应按照本公约所依据的一般原则来解决,在没有一般原则的情况下,则应按照国际私法规定适用的法律来解决

     

    Article 8

    (1) For the purposes of this Convention statements made by and other conduct of a party are to be interpreted according to his intent where the other party knew or could not have been unaware what that intent was.

      为本公约的目的,一方当事人所作的声明和其它行为,应依照他的意旨解释,如果另一方当事人已知道或者不可能不知道此一意旨

    (2) If the preceding paragraph is not applicable, statements made by and other conduct of a party are to be interpreted according to the understanding that a reasonable person of the same kind as the other party would have had in the same circumstances.

      如果上一款的规定不适用,当事人所作的声明和其它行为,应按照一个与另一方当事人同等资格、通情达理的人处于相同情况中,应有的理解来解释

    (3) In determining the intent of a party or the understanding a reasonable person would have had, due consideration is to be given to all relevant circumstances of the case including the negotiations, any practices which the parties have established between themselves, usages and any subsequent conduct of the parties.

      在确定一方当事人的意旨或一个通情达理的人应有的理解时,应适当地考虑到与事实有关的一切情况,包括谈判情形、当事人之间确立的任何习惯作法、惯例和当事人其后的任何行为

     

    Article 9

    (1) The parties are bound by any usage to which they have agreed and by any practices which they have established between themselves.

      双方当事人业已同意的任何惯例和他们之间确立的任何习惯做法,对双方当事人均有约束力

    (2) The parties are considered, unless otherwise agreed, to have impliedly made applicable to their contract or its formation a usage of which the parties knew or ought to have known and which in international trade is widely known to, and regularly observed by, parties to contracts of the type involved in the particular trade concerned.

      除非另有协议,双方当事人应视为已默示地同意对他们的合同或合同的订立适用双方当事人已知道或理应知道的惯例,而这种惯例,在国际贸易上,已为有关特定贸易所涉同类合同的当事人所广泛知道并为他们所经常遵守

     

    Article 10

    For the purposes of this Convention: 为本公约的目的


    (a) if a party has more than one place of business, the place of business is that which has the closest relationship to the contract and its performance, having regard to the circumstances known to or contemplated by the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract;

      果当事人有一个以上的营业地,则以与合同及合同的履行关系最密切的营业地为其营业地,但要考虑到双方当事人在订立合同前任何时候或订立合同时所知道或所设想的情况

    (b) if a party does not have a place of business, reference is to be made to his habitual residence.

      如果当事人没有营业地,则以其惯常居住地为准

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